2024届高考英语一轮复习指导课件:必修5 unit 2(新人教版)

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2024届高考英语一轮复习指导课件:必修5 unit 2(新人教版)

  必修五 Unit 2 The United Kingdom 1. 课前自测 2. 课堂学案 词汇接龙

  1. _______(vt. 筹备;安排;整理)→_______(n. 布置;整理) 2. _______(vi. 组成;构成;在于)→_______(adj. 一致的;始终如一的) 3. _______〔n. 可能(性)〕→_______(adj. 可能的)→_______(adj. 不可能的) 4. _______(vt. 描述;形容;描绘)→_______(n. 描述;描写)→_______(adj. 描述性的) 5. _______(vt.&vi. 联合;团结)→_______(n.

  结合;工会;联盟)→_______(adj. 联合的;一致的;团结的) 6. _______(adj. 粗糙的;粗暴的)→_______(adv. 粗略地;粗糙地)→_______〔n. 粗糙(度); 未加工〕 7. ______(v. 为……提供设备)→_______(n. 家具;设备)→_______(adj. 带家具的;配备好装备的) 课前自测

  Key:1. arrange; arrangement 2. consist; consistent 3. possibility; possible; impossible 4. describe; description; descriptive 5. unite; union; united 6. rough; roughly; roughness 7. furnish; furniture; furnished 词汇接龙

  8. _________(adj. 方便的;合宜的)→_________〔n. 方便;便利的事物(设施)〕→_________( n. 不便) 9. _________(vt.&vi. 使高兴;欣喜;感到高兴 n. 快乐;使人高兴的人或事)→_________(adj. 可喜的;令人愉快的)→_________(adj. 快乐的;欣喜的)

  Key:8. convenient; convenience; inconvenience  

  9. delight; delightful; delighted 词块互译 1. 被划分成三大主要地区

  be divided ______ three main zones 2. ____________

  clarify the question 3. 当人们提起英格兰

  when people ______ England 4. 从联合王国分离出去建立自己的政府

  ______ from the UK ______ its own government 5. 值得称赞的是

  ____________ 6. ____________

  attract my attention 7. 觉得受到了冷落

  feel ______ 8. 取代女王的位置

  ____________ of the Queen 9. 考察建立一家新工厂的可能性

  examine the possibility of ____________ 10. ____________

  arrange their own wedding Key:1. into 2. 弄清楚这个问题 3. refer to 4. break away; to form 5. to one’s credit 6. 吸引我的注意 7. left out 8. take the place 9. constructing a new factory 10. 安排他们自己的婚礼 句型补全

  1.

  Now when people refer to England you ____________ as well. 现在只要有人提起英格兰,你就会发现威尔士也包括在内。 (find+宾语+宾补) 2.

  ____________ that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors.

  遗憾的是这些建于19世纪的工业城市并不吸引游客。 (it作形式主语) 3.

  You must keep your eyes ____________ if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom __________. 如果你想要使你的英国之旅不虚此行而又有意义,你就必须留心观察。 (keep/make+宾语+宾补)

  4.

  __________ St Paul’s Cathedral __________ after the terrible fire of London in 1666. It looked splendid when __________! 接着参观的是圣保罗大教堂,它是公元1666年可怕的伦敦大火之后建造的。刚建成的时候,它看起来金碧辉煌!

  (there be句型变体;过去分词作后置定语;状语从句的省略) 5.

  ____________ that the man who had developed communism ____________ have lived and died in London.

  这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。

  (it作形式主语;should用法) Key:1. find Wales included 2. It is a pity 3. open; enjoyable and worthwhile 4. There followed; built; first built 5. It seemed strange; should

  课文回顾 Key: 1. standing 2. guarded 3. on 4. built 5. poets 6. What 7. dividing 8. the 9. have lived 10. for

  Zhang Pingyu’s first delight was going to the Tower. This solid stone, square tower had remained

  __1__ (stand) for 1,000 years. Although the buildings had expanded around it, it remained part of a royal palace and prison combined. To her surprise, she found the Queen’s jewels __2__ (guard) by soldiers who, __3__ special occasions, still wore the uniform of the time of Queen Elizabeth I. There followed St Paul’s Cathedral __4__ (build) after the terrible fire. Westminster Abbey was also interesting with statues in memory of

  dead __5__ (poem) and writers. __6__ interested her most was the longitude line. It’s an imaginary line __7__ (divide) the eastern and western halves of the world. Pingyu had a photo taken standing on either side of

  __8__ line. The last day she visited Karl Marx’s statue. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism

  should __9__ (live) and died in London. The next day she was leaving London __10__

  Windsor Castle. “Perhaps I’ll see the Queen.” she wondered.

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 课堂学案 1. convenience n. 方便;便利;便利设施/设备 1. (2024陕西卷)If you are interested, please send an application email at your earliest convenience to Ms. Chen at chenlaoshi@aef.com. 如果你感兴趣的话,请尽早在方便时用电子邮件发送一份申请至陈女士的邮箱:chenlaoshi@aef.com。 2. England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.在这四个国家中,英格兰是最大的,为方便起见,它大致可以划分为三个地区。 3. The building has all the modern

  conveniences. 这栋建筑装有各种现代化的便利设施。

  【构词】convenient adj. 方便的;近便的 sth. is convenient to/for sb. ……对某人来说方便 it is convenient for sb. to do sth. 某人做某事方便 【注意】(1)convenience指“方便,便利”时是不可数名词;指“便利的事物,便利的设施”时是可数名词。 (2)convenient作表语时,主语一般是物或用it作形式主语,而不用人作主语。 for convenience 为了方便起见 for one’s convenience=for the convenience of sb.

  为了某人的方便 at one’s convenience 在某人方便的时候 at your earliest convenience 在您方便时请早日;得便请……从速 convenience food/store 方便食品/便利店 【词块助记】 Nowadays, it’s very ________ to get in touch with our families and friends by using mobile phones at our ________. If our phones are stolen or missing, it’s ________ for us in many respects. 现如今,我们在方便时可以利用手机很方便地跟家人和朋友联系。如果手机被偷或不见了,在很多方面会造成不便。 Key:convenient; convenience; inconvenient 【词块助记】 2. accomplish vt. 完成;实现;达到;使圆满

  1. Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. 令人庆幸的是,当苏格兰的詹姆士国王成为英格兰和威尔士的国王时,这三个国家在无(军事)冲突的情况下实现了联合。 2. She seems to accomplish

  nothing. 她似乎无任何建树。 3. There is nothing that accomplishes

  a person more than learning.

  没什么比知识更会使人充实。

  accomplish nothing 一事无成 accomplish one’s promise 实现某人的诺言 accomplish one’s mission 完成某人的使命 【构词】accomplishment

  n. 实现;完成;成绩,成就 accomplished

  adj. 完成的;有修养的;有学问的 an accomplished fact 既成事实 1. (2024重庆卷改编) Sadly, biological facts prevent us ever accomplish such a thing without artificial aid. 2. If you have somewhere you’d go, something you’d to accomplish, and someone you’d become, took immediate action. Key:1. accomplish改为accomplishing 2. 去掉to; took改为take 【词块助记】 3. arrange vt. & vi. 整理;安排;筹备 1. (2024福建卷)Parents arrange everything for their children and spare no effort to pave the way for their success. 父母为子女安排一切,不遗余力地为他们的成功铺路。 2. They have arranged for another man to take his place. 他们已安排另一个人去接替他的位置。 3. I have arranged for the goods to be delivered. 我已经安排好送货了。 arrange sth. with sb. 与某人商定某事 arrange for sth. 安排某事 arrange sth. for sb. 为某人安排好某事 arrange (for sb.) to do sth. 安排(某人)做某事 make arrangements for 为……做好安排 1. Please arrange us an interview with the workers. 2. (2024陕西卷改编)Tourists ________ (arrange) by travel companies tend to stay at big foreign-owned hotels, ________ (buy) few local products. Key:1. 在arrange后加for 2. arranged; buying 【词块助记】 4. delight

  n.[U]快乐;高兴;喜悦 [C]令人快乐的事情

  vt. 使高兴;使欣喜 1. She was delighted at receiving so many letters and gifts. 她为收到如此多的信和礼物而感到高兴。 2. (2024浙江卷)A clever potter fashioned a piggy jar in the shape of a pig, delighting children and adults.一位聪明的制陶商将陶罐制成了猪的形状,以此取悦儿童和成年人。 with/in delight 高兴地;乐意地 (much) to one’s delight=to one’s (great) delight 使某人(大为)高兴的是 take/have/find delight in(doing) sth. 以……为乐 delight sb.(with sth.) (以某物)取悦某人 delight the eyes 悦目 be delighted at/by/with 因……而高兴 to do sth. 很高兴做某事 【构词】delighted

  adj. 欣喜的;快乐的

  delightful adj. 令人愉快的 1. What made the fans delighting was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament.

  2. (2024天津卷改编)Low is a kind-hearted lady with a positive attitude toward life because she takes a delight in helping others. Key:1. delighting改为delighted 2. 去掉第三个a 5. consist of 由……组成;构成

  consist of=be made up of=be composed of 由……组成 consist in…(=lie in) 在于 consist with=be consistent with 与……相一致

  1. (2024福建卷)Real riches consist of well-developed and hearty capacities to enjoy life. 真正的富有是拥有良好健全的能力去享受生活。 2. Life mainly consists of

  happiness and sorrow while happiness and sorrow consist in struggle.Remember that your ideal life does not always consist with the reality. 生活主要是由快乐和悲伤组成的,而快乐和悲伤存在于拼搏之中。记住理想的生活并不总是和现实相一致。 【头脑风暴】 6. leave out 遗漏;省略;删去;未顾及;忽略

  1. Leave her alone. She is in a mood now. 别惹她,她现在情绪不好。 2. Let’s leave the matter aside for a moment. 让我们暂时把这件事搁一会儿再说。 3. Oh, dear! This is the third time you’ve left your umbrella behind on a bus. 噢,天哪!这已经是你第三次把雨伞忘在公共汽车上了。 4. You left out the possibility that the train might be late. 你忽略了火车或许晚点的可能性。 5. The boy feels left out because the other children don’t play with him. 这男孩觉得受到了冷落,因为其他孩子都不和他玩。 leave alone 不管;别惹;让……独自待着;不打扰 leave aside 搁置;不考虑 leave behind 忘带;留下;丢弃;落后 leave for 出发去某地 leave off 停止做某事;戒掉 【头脑风暴】 【微解析】 7. There followed St Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. 接着是圣保罗大教堂,它是公元1666年可怕的伦敦大火之后建造的。 本句是there 放在句首引起的完全倒装句。表示静态的副词there, here和表示动态趋向的副词up, down, in, out, away等位于句首时,谓语动词go, come, run, fly, rush, follow等不及物动词须置于主语前面,构成完全倒装句式。注意: 如果句子主语是代词,则谓语不能用倒装。 【仿写】 (2024湖北卷改编)The Public Square is an eye-catching sight of the city. ______ many stone sculptures of famous historical figures. 大众广场是这个城市引人注目的景点,许多历史名人的石雕像矗立在那儿。

  Key:1. There stand  2. John opened the door. ________ a girl he had never seen before. 约翰打开了门,一个他从来没见过的女孩站在那儿。 【单句改错】 3. Jim walked quietly to the little cat. Away it runs into the kitchen when he was about to catch it. Key:2. There stood 3. runs改为ran 8. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. 这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。 在it is strange (necessary, natural, important, a pity等) that…这类句型里,that所引导的主语从句的谓语动词常用“should+动词原形”来表示虚拟,其中should可省略。但此句中should表示一种惊讶的语气,译为“居然;竟然”,故不可省略。 【微解析】 【仿写】 1. It seemed strange that the man ________ his wife and his children. 他竟然抛弃了妻子和孩子,这似乎有点奇怪。 2. ________ what all the majority of people care about is how they could be paid more.令人遗憾的是大多数人所在乎的仅仅就只是他们怎样才能赚到更多的钱。 Key:1. should have deserted/abandoned 2. It’s a pity that 【单句改错】 3. Personally, I don’t like him at all, but it’s strange that he could be popular with the kids. Key:3. could改为should

   假如你是李华,最近英国某中学访学团将到你校交流学习中文。请你以学生代表的身份,用英语拟写一份发言稿。 Hello, everyone. Welcome to our school. ① _____ _________. Now I’d like to share with you some tips on Chinese learning.

  ② ________________, there still exist some efficient ways to learn Chinese. As for beginners, it is a good choice to start from listening and speaking. So try to ③ ________________ during your stay here. We are all glad to talk with you in some simple Chinese. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. Thus, I do believe you can learn some daily Chinese here.

  ④ _____________, millions of Chinese movies, TV series and shows are there online for you to enjoy and improve both your listening and speaking. ⑤ ________________, you can attend some courses in some Confucius Institutes in the UK. Hopefully the tips above will be helpful to you.

  Thank you! 【写作导航】 1. 表示情感态度:了解到你们热爱学习中文我非常开心。可用more than + adj. + to do sth.来表达; 2. 表达“尽管学习中文似乎很难”,可选用as 引导的让步状语从句,注意倒装; 3. 表示“抓住机会尽可能多练习”,可用句型:take the chance to do sth.; 4. 此处作原因状语“多亏了如今的信息时代”,可用短语thanks to来表达; 5. 此处可用if引导的条件句来表达“如果你觉得独自学习有困难”,建议用“find/feel/think+it+hard/difficult+to do sth.”结构。 Key: ① I’m more than pleased to know that you love to learn Chinese ② Difficult as it may seem ③ take the chance to practise more ④ Thanks to the information age ⑤ If you find it hard/difficult to keep going alone

  必修五 Unit 2 The United Kingdom 1. 课前自测 2. 课堂学案 词汇接龙

  1. _______(vt. 筹备;安排;整理)→_______(n. 布置;整理) 2. _______(vi. 组成;构成;在于)→_______(adj. 一致的;始终如一的) 3. _______〔n. 可能(性)〕→_______(adj. 可能的)→_______(adj. 不可能的) 4. _______(vt. 描述;形容;描绘)→_______(n. 描述;描写)→_______(adj. 描述性的) 5. _______(vt.&vi. 联合;团结)→_______(n.

  结合;工会;联盟)→_______(adj. 联合的;一致的;团结的) 6. _______(adj. 粗糙的;粗暴的)→_______(adv. 粗略地;粗糙地)→_______〔n. 粗糙(度); 未加工〕 7. ______(v. 为……提供设备)→_______(n. 家具;设备)→_______(adj. 带家具的;配备好装备的) 课前自测

  Key:1. arrange; arrangement 2. consist; consistent 3. possibility; possible; impossible 4. describe; description; descriptive 5. unite; union; united 6. rough; roughly; roughness 7. furnish; furniture; furnished 词汇接龙

  8. _________(adj. 方便的;合宜的)→_________〔n. 方便;便利的事物(设施)〕→_________( n. 不便) 9. _________(vt.&vi. 使高兴;欣喜;感到高兴 n. 快乐;使人高兴的人或事)→_________(adj. 可喜的;令人愉快的)→_________(adj. 快乐的;欣喜的)

  Key:8. convenient; convenience; inconvenience  

  9. delight; delightful; delighted 词块互译 1. 被划分成三大主要地区

  be divided ______ three main zones 2. ____________

  clarify the question 3. 当人们提起英格兰

  when people ______ England 4. 从联合王国分离出去建立自己的政府

  ______ from the UK ______ its own government 5. 值得称赞的是

  ____________ 6. ____________

  attract my attention 7. 觉得受到了冷落

  feel ______ 8. 取代女王的位置

  ____________ of the Queen 9. 考察建立一家新工厂的可能性

  examine the possibility of ____________ 10. ____________

  arrange their own wedding Key:1. into 2. 弄清楚这个问题 3. refer to 4. break away; to form 5. to one’s credit 6. 吸引我的注意 7. left out 8. take the place 9. constructing a new factory 10. 安排他们自己的婚礼 句型补全

  1.

  Now when people refer to England you ____________ as well. 现在只要有人提起英格兰,你就会发现威尔士也包括在内。 (find+宾语+宾补) 2.

  ____________ that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors.

  遗憾的是这些建于19世纪的工业城市并不吸引游客。 (it作形式主语) 3.

  You must keep your eyes ____________ if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom __________. 如果你想要使你的英国之旅不虚此行而又有意义,你就必须留心观察。 (keep/make+宾语+宾补)

  4.

  __________ St Paul’s Cathedral __________ after the terrible fire of London in 1666. It looked splendid when __________! 接着参观的是圣保罗大教堂,它是公元1666年可怕的伦敦大火之后建造的。刚建成的时候,它看起来金碧辉煌!

  (there be句型变体;过去分词作后置定语;状语从句的省略) 5.

  ____________ that the man who had developed communism ____________ have lived and died in London.

  这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。

  (it作形式主语;should用法) Key:1. find Wales included 2. It is a pity 3. open; enjoyable and worthwhile 4. There followed; built; first built 5. It seemed strange; should

  课文回顾 Key: 1. standing 2. guarded 3. on 4. built 5. poets 6. What 7. dividing 8. the 9. have lived 10. for

  Zhang Pingyu’s first delight was going to the Tower. This solid stone, square tower had remained

  __1__ (stand) for 1,000 years. Although the buildings had expanded around it, it remained part of a royal palace and prison combined. To her surprise, she found the Queen’s jewels __2__ (guard) by soldiers who, __3__ special occasions, still wore the uniform of the time of Queen Elizabeth I. There followed St Paul’s Cathedral __4__ (build) after the terrible fire. Westminster Abbey was also interesting with statues in memory of

  dead __5__ (poem) and writers. __6__ interested her most was the longitude line. It’s an imaginary line __7__ (divide) the eastern and western halves of the world. Pingyu had a photo taken standing on either side of

  __8__ line. The last day she visited Karl Marx’s statue. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism

  should __9__ (live) and died in London. The next day she was leaving London __10__

  Windsor Castle. “Perhaps I’ll see the Queen.” she wondered.

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 课堂学案 1. convenience n. 方便;便利;便利设施/设备 1. (2024陕西卷)If you are interested, please send an application email at your earliest convenience to Ms. Chen at chenlaoshi@aef.com. 如果你感兴趣的话,请尽早在方便时用电子邮件发送一份申请至陈女士的邮箱:chenlaoshi@aef.com。 2. England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.在这四个国家中,英格兰是最大的,为方便起见,它大致可以划分为三个地区。 3. The building has all the modern

  conveniences. 这栋建筑装有各种现代化的便利设施。

  【构词】convenient adj. 方便的;近便的 sth. is convenient to/for sb. ……对某人来说方便 it is convenient for sb. to do sth. 某人做某事方便 【注意】(1)convenience指“方便,便利”时是不可数名词;指“便利的事物,便利的设施”时是可数名词。 (2)convenient作表语时,主语一般是物或用it作形式主语,而不用人作主语。 for convenience 为了方便起见 for one’s convenience=for the convenience of sb.

  为了某人的方便 at one’s convenience 在某人方便的时候 at your earliest convenience 在您方便时请早日;得便请……从速 convenience food/store 方便食品/便利店 【词块助记】 Nowadays, it’s very ________ to get in touch with our families and friends by using mobile phones at our ________. If our phones are stolen or missing, it’s ________ for us in many respects. 现如今,我们在方便时可以利用手机很方便地跟家人和朋友联系。如果手机被偷或不见了,在很多方面会造成不便。 Key:convenient; convenience; inconvenient 【词块助记】 2. accomplish vt. 完成;实现;达到;使圆满

  1. Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. 令人庆幸的是,当苏格兰的詹姆士国王成为英格兰和威尔士的国王时,这三个国家在无(军事)冲突的情况下实现了联合。 2. She seems to accomplish

  nothing. 她似乎无任何建树。 3. There is nothing that accomplishes

  a person more than learning.

  没什么比知识更会使人充实。

  accomplish nothing 一事无成 accomplish one’s promise 实现某人的诺言 accomplish one’s mission 完成某人的使命 【构词】accomplishment

  n. 实现;完成;成绩,成就 accomplished

  adj. 完成的;有修养的;有学问的 an accomplished fact 既成事实 1. (2024重庆卷改编) Sadly, biological facts prevent us ever accomplish such a thing without artificial aid. 2. If you have somewhere you’d go, something you’d to accomplish, and someone you’d become, took immediate action. Key:1. accomplish改为accomplishing 2. 去掉to; took改为take 【词块助记】 3. arrange vt. & vi. 整理;安排;筹备 1. (2024福建卷)Parents arrange everything for their children and spare no effort to pave the way for their success. 父母为子女安排一切,不遗余力地为他们的成功铺路。 2. They have arranged for another man to take his place. 他们已安排另一个人去接替他的位置。 3. I have arranged for the goods to be delivered. 我已经安排好送货了。 arrange sth. with sb. 与某人商定某事 arrange for sth. 安排某事 arrange sth. for sb. 为某人安排好某事 arrange (for sb.) to do sth. 安排(某人)做某事 make arrangements for 为……做好安排 1. Please arrange us an interview with the workers. 2. (2024陕西卷改编)Tourists ________ (arrange) by travel companies tend to stay at big foreign-owned hotels, ________ (buy) few local products. Key:1. 在arrange后加for 2. arranged; buying 【词块助记】 4. delight

  n.[U]快乐;高兴;喜悦 [C]令人快乐的事情

  vt. 使高兴;使欣喜 1. She was delighted at receiving so many letters and gifts. 她为收到如此多的信和礼物而感到高兴。 2. (2024浙江卷)A clever potter fashioned a piggy jar in the shape of a pig, delighting children and adults.一位聪明的制陶商将陶罐制成了猪的形状,以此取悦儿童和成年人。 with/in delight 高兴地;乐意地 (much) to one’s delight=to one’s (great) delight 使某人(大为)高兴的是 take/have/find delight in(doing) sth. 以……为乐 delight sb.(with sth.) (以某物)取悦某人 delight the eyes 悦目 be delighted at/by/with 因……而高兴 to do sth. 很高兴做某事 【构词】delighted

  adj. 欣喜的;快乐的

  delightful adj. 令人愉快的 1. What made the fans delighting was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament.

  2. (2024天津卷改编)Low is a kind-hearted lady with a positive attitude toward life because she takes a delight in helping others. Key:1. delighting改为delighted 2. 去掉第三个a 5. consist of 由……组成;构成

  consist of=be made up of=be composed of 由……组成 consist in…(=lie in) 在于 consist with=be consistent with 与……相一致

  1. (2024福建卷)Real riches consist of well-developed and hearty capacities to enjoy life. 真正的富有是拥有良好健全的能力去享受生活。 2. Life mainly consists of

  happiness and sorrow while happiness and sorrow consist in struggle.Remember that your ideal life does not always consist with the reality. 生活主要是由快乐和悲伤组成的,而快乐和悲伤存在于拼搏之中。记住理想的生活并不总是和现实相一致。 【头脑风暴】 6. leave out 遗漏;省略;删去;未顾及;忽略

  1. Leave her alone. She is in a mood now. 别惹她,她现在情绪不好。 2. Let’s leave the matter aside for a moment. 让我们暂时把这件事搁一会儿再说。 3. Oh, dear! This is the third time you’ve left your umbrella behind on a bus. 噢,天哪!这已经是你第三次把雨伞忘在公共汽车上了。 4. You left out the possibility that the train might be late. 你忽略了火车或许晚点的可能性。 5. The boy feels left out because the other children don’t play with him. 这男孩觉得受到了冷落,因为其他孩子都不和他玩。 leave alone 不管;别惹;让……独自待着;不打扰 leave aside 搁置;不考虑 leave behind 忘带;留下;丢弃;落后 leave for 出发去某地 leave off 停止做某事;戒掉 【头脑风暴】 【微解析】 7. There followed St Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. 接着是圣保罗大教堂,它是公元1666年可怕的伦敦大火之后建造的。 本句是there 放在句首引起的完全倒装句。表示静态的副词there, here和表示动态趋向的副词up, down, in, out, away等位于句首时,谓语动词go, come, run, fly, rush, follow等不及物动词须置于主语前面,构成完全倒装句式。注意: 如果句子主语是代词,则谓语不能用倒装。 【仿写】 (2024湖北卷改编)The Public Square is an eye-catching sight of the city. ______ many stone sculptures of famous historical figures. 大众广场是这个城市引人注目的景点,许多历史名人的石雕像矗立在那儿。

  Key:1. There stand  2. John opened the door. ________ a girl he had never seen before. 约翰打开了门,一个他从来没见过的女孩站在那儿。 【单句改错】 3. Jim walked quietly to the little cat. Away it runs into the kitchen when he was about to catch it. Key:2. There stood 3. runs改为ran 8. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. 这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。 在it is strange (necessary, natural, important, a pity等) that…这类句型里,that所引导的主语从句的谓语动词常用“should+动词原形”来表示虚拟,其中should可省略。但此句中should表示一种惊讶的语气,译为“居然;竟然”,故不可省略。 【微解析】 【仿写】 1. It seemed strange that the man ________ his wife and his children. 他竟然抛弃了妻子和孩子,这似乎有点奇怪。 2. ________ what all the majority of people care about is how they could be paid more.令人遗憾的是大多数人所在乎的仅仅就只是他们怎样才能赚到更多的钱。 Key:1. should have deserted/abandoned 2. It’s a pity that 【单句改错】 3. Personally, I don’t like him at all, but it’s strange that he could be popular with the kids. Key:3. could改为should

   假如你是李华,最近英国某中学访学团将到你校交流学习中文。请你以学生代表的身份,用英语拟写一份发言稿。 Hello, everyone. Welcome to our school. ① _____ _________. Now I’d like to share with you some tips on Chinese learning.

  ② ________________, there still exist some efficient ways to learn Chinese. As for beginners, it is a good choice to start from listening and speaking. So try to ③ ________________ during your stay here. We are all glad to talk with you in some simple Chinese. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. Thus, I do believe you can learn some daily Chinese here.

  ④ _____________, millions of Chinese movies, TV series and shows are there online for you to enjoy and improve both your listening and speaking. ⑤ ________________, you can attend some courses in some Confucius Institutes in the UK. Hopefully the tips above will be helpful to you.

  Thank you! 【写作导航】 1. 表示情感态度:了解到你们热爱学习中文我非常开心。可用more than + adj. + to do sth.来表达; 2. 表达“尽管学习中文似乎很难”,可选用as 引导的让步状语从句,注意倒装; 3. 表示“抓住机会尽可能多练习”,可用句型:take the chance to do sth.; 4. 此处作原因状语“多亏了如今的信息时代”,可用短语thanks to来表达; 5. 此处可用if引导的条件句来表达“如果你觉得独自学习有困难”,建议用“find/feel/think+it+hard/difficult+to do sth.”结构。 Key: ① I’m more than pleased to know that you love to learn Chinese ② Difficult as it may seem ③ take the chance to practise more ④ Thanks to the information age ⑤ If you find it hard/difficult to keep going alone